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Tag Archives: COMPLICATION

Mesenteric Lymph Node Cavitation And Hyposplenism

What Is Mesenteric Lymph Node Cavitation And Hyposplenism? Mesenteric lymph node cavitation and hyposplenism combination is a rare lymphatic entity. It is characterized by involution (degeneration) of a mesenteric lymph node (abdominal) and absence of functional spleen tissue. Q: What ...

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Lymphoma, Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell (EATL) 

What Is Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell Lymphoma? Enteropathy associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL), although rare, is a tumor of intraepithelial lymphocytes. It is the most common primary gastrointestinal T-cell lymphoma and is characterized by its aggressive course and poor prognosis. Primary means this ...

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Bone Fractures 

What Are Bone Fractures? Bone fractures, or broken bones, are breaks in skeletal bones that occur usually from trauma to the bone itself or by a sudden violent contraction of muscle attached to it. Q: Are there other causes of ...

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Cancer Of The Pharynx 

What Is Cancer Of The Pharynx? Cancer of the pharynx is a malignant growth of stratified squamous cells that line the pharynx, or throat. Q: What are stratified squamous cells that line the pharynx? A: Stratified squamous cells are thin, flat epithelial ...

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Adenocarcinoma Of Small Intestine (Cancer)

What Is Adenocarcinoma Of Small Intestine? Adenocarcinomas are malignant tumors, or cancer, of the small bowel arising out of glandular tissue. They fall in the category of rare neoplasm, comprising only 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary adenocarcinoma is the ...

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Vasculitis, Cerebral (Cause of Stroke, TIA, and Seizure)

What Is Cerebral Vasculitis? Cerebral vasculitis, also called vasculitis of the central nervous system (CNS), is an autoimune attack against elastin fibers in the walls of arteries that bring blood to the head. Early recogniton may reduce poor outcomes.1 Cerebral ...

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Xerophthalmia

What Is Xerophthalmia? Xerophthalmia is a serious condition of extreme drying and thickening of the conjunctiva following chronic inflammation and failure to make tears, characterized by hazy, dry cornea. Vitamin A is obtained from the diet and is required in ...

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Tuberculosis – Non-Response to Treatment 

What Is Non-Response to Tuberculosis Treatment? Non-response to treatment for tuberculosis means that proper medical treatment failed to control active disease. Tuberculosis is an infection that may be dormant or active. Q: What happens in active tuberculosis? A: Tuberculosis is ...

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Small Bowel Intussusception

What Is Small Bowel Intussusception? Small bowel intussusception is a bowel derangement that is characterized by the slipping of one section of intestine into another, leading to bowel obstruction. Acute bowel intussusception is a rare manifestation in adults, which mainly involves ...

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Rickets

What Is Rickets? Rickets is a disorder of cartilage cell growth and enlargement of epiphyseal growth plates in young children that is characterized by inadequate mineralization of developing cartilage and newly formed bone. The epiphyseal growth plate is located at the ends ...

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Short Duration of Breast Feeding 

What Is Short Duration Of Breast Feeding? Short duration of breast feeding, or lactation, is characterized by inadequate milk production by a mother who has just given birth. Normally, lactation begins with the production and release of colostrum from the ...

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Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

What Is Secondary Hyperparathyroidism? Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a parathyroid disorder resulting from hypocalcemia (low blood calcium level) that is characterized by excessive production of parathyroid hormone in the attempt to normalize the low blood calcium by releasing calcium from bone. ...

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Hypokalemia (Low Potassium Blood Level)

hypokalemia gluten celiac disease symptom

What Is Hypokalemia? Hypokalemia means the level of potassium in the bloodstream is too low to meet metabolic needs of the body for this mineral and is characterized by metabolic acidosis, altered nerve conduction and muscle contraction. Rapid potassium loss can ...

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Pulmonary Permeability, Increased 

What Is Increased Pulmonary Permeability? Increased pulmonary permeability is a mucosal defect in the lung characterized by alteration of the normally tight epithelial  blood-air barrier in the lung apparently caused by inflammation. Q: What is the blood-air barrier in the ...

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Abscess Formation Causing Lung Cavities

What Is Abscess Formation Causing Lung Cavities? Abscess formation and subsequent lung cavities that develop from necrosis (death) of affected lung tissue constitute severe life-threatening respiratory disease  of the lung. Q: What is the difference between lung abscess and lung ...

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