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Liver Disorders

This category comprises disorders of the liver that involve damage to its tissue and/or impairment of its function to cleanse blood of toxins, worn out blood cells, and hormones, make proteins, store glucose as glycogen, store certain vitamins such as vitamin A and B12, stores iron, change ammonia to urea for excretion by kidneys, and makes bile.

The liver lies mostly in the upper part of the abdomen on the right side just under the diaphragm. About 70% of liver tissue is made up of cube shaped cells called hepatocytes that do the main work of the liver. Bile ducts carry bile, a greenish brown liquid made by the liver, to the gall bladder for storage until needed to aid in the digestion and absorption of fat in the small intestine.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

What Is Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease? Non-alcoholic fatty liver is a non-inflammatory liver disorder characterized by degenerative changes in the liver caused by excessive accumulation of lipid (fat) in hepatocytes (liver cells) that is called free fatty acid-generated lipotoxicity. Non-alcoholic ...

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Liver or Hepatic Granulomatous Disease 

What Is Hepatic Granulomatous Disease? Hepatic granulomatous disease is an infiltrative chronic liver disorder characterized by growth of small granulomas. Rather than being a final diagnosis, the presence of hepatic granulomas entails the need for further investigations towards identifying the ...

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Autoimmune Hepatitis

  What Is Autoimmune Hepatitis? Autoimmune hepatitis is an autoimmune attack against liver cells that is characterized by inflammation and results in chronic liver disease which includes low blood albumin and cirrhosis. Autoimmune hepatitis is diagnosed by detection of autoantibodies ...

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis 

What Is Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis? Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an uncommon, slowly progressive bile duct disease that results in stagnation or build-up of bile in the liver, called cholestasis. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is characterized by sclerosis, or scarring inflammation ...

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Autoimmune Cholangitis

What Is Autoimmune Cholangitis? Autoimmune cholangitis is a rare inflammatory self-targeted disease of the biliary tract produced by high levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies and antinuclear antibodies (ANA). Autoimmune cholangitis is characterized by progressive inflammation and scarring that leads to ...

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