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Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

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Courtesy Wikipedia.com

Parathyroid Glands in the Neck. Courtesy Wikipedia.com

What Is Secondary Hyperparathyroidism?

Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a parathyroid disorder resulting from hypocalcemia (low blood calcium level) that is characterized by excessive production of parathyroid hormone in the attempt to normalize the low blood calcium by releasing calcium from bone.

Parathyroid hormone is produced by the four pea sized parathyroid glands that are located on the thyroid gland in the front of the neck. In part, because the thyroid and parathyroid glands share the same anatomic place in the body and because they have similar names, they are often confused although they have completely different actions.

Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium and the opposing mineral phosphorus in the blood. In secondary hyperparathyroidism, calcium blood levels are low to normal while phosphorus levels are increased which stimulates the outpouring of parathyroid hormone.

Q: How does secondary hyperparathyroidism differ from primary hyperparathyroidism?

A: In primary hyperparathyroidism blood calcium is high and phosphorus is low, which is the opposite of secondary hyperparathyroidism.

The most common cause of secondary hyperparathyroidism is kidney disease causing failure to reabsorb calcium followed by vitamin D deficiency and malabsorption.

What Is Secondary Hyperparathyroidism In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?


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