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Tag Archives: Dictionary

Turmeric: definition

An aromatic spice obtained from the plant’s underground rhizomes that contains curcuminoid compounds of which curcumin is the most important. It is especially effective in reducing inflammation because it lowers levels of cytokines causing inflammation. Found to lower anxiety, depression, ...

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Rotavirus: definition

The most common cause of infectious diarrhea in the United States, especially in children less than 2 years old. This virus causes gastroenteritis with symptoms of anorexia, vomiting and severe watery diarrhea in infants and children and usually milder diarrhea in ...

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C-Reactive Protein (CRP): definition

A blood marker of systemic inflammation.

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Medical Research Study or Clinical Trial: definition

Medical reseach conducted to investigate various aspects of disease such as how many people are at risk, how do people get the disease, and what treatment can help or cure the disease. It may show a treatment that is new or ...

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Clinical Trial or Medical Research Study: definition

Medical reseach conducted to investigate various aspects of disease such as how many people are at risk, how do people get the disease, and what treatment can help or cure the disease. It may show a treatment that is new or ...

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Bone Tissue: definition

Called osseous tissue. Bone is composed of specialized connective tissue (collagen) made up of living bone cells (osteocytes) that are embedded in a hard matrix (framework) of calcified substance. Bone matrix contains collagen fibers and the minerals calcium phosphate and ...

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B Lymphocytes or B Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. B lymphocytes or B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins.

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T Lymphocytes or T Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. T lymphocytes or T cells are also called T regulatory cells.  T cells attack body cells themselves when they have been taken over by ...

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FoxP3+ T cells: definition

FoxP3+ T cells represent a major subset of regulatory T cells. They can be produced as natural or induced cells. FoxP3+ T cells are made in the thymus gland as natural FoxP3+ T cells and periphery as induced FoxP3+ T ...

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Exocrine Glands: definition

Glands of the skin or mucous membranes that secrete the substances they produce into ducts leading to a target body surface and ultimately to the outside of the body. Examples are sweat glands in the skin, lacrimal glands in eyelids, ...

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Electromyography: definition

Instument measurement used to diagnose neuromuscular disorders by means of placing small needle shaped electrodes through the skin into areas of affected muscles. It converts the electrical activity generated by voluntary muscles (skeletal type) into a visual record or sound ...

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Endocrine Glands: definition

Glands which empty their hormone substances into the bloodsteam and from there to a targeted part of the body such as insulin produced by the pancreas and thyroxine produced by the thyroid gland. They are opposite exocrine glands of the ...

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Adenosine Triphosphate or ATP: definition

Main fuel used by cells.  ATP, present in all cells, is formed when energy is released from food molecules during cell respiration. The energy in ATP is released when needed by the action of the enzyme triphosphatase. ATP is a compound ...

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Mitochondria: definition

Mitochondria, also called “powerhouses of the cell,”  are microscopic cell organelles (structures) that contain enzymes for the aerobic stages of cell respiration and are the site of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production.

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Complications of Celiac Disease: definition

Added manifestations that develop with duration of celiac disease. Complications can affect physical, mental, and emotional derangement, disfigurement, and pain. Examples include obesity, short duration of breast feeding, gastric ulcer, atheroscleosis, stroke, cataracts, pneumonia, osteoporosis, and various malignancies.

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