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Tag Archives: Osteomalacia

Calcium Deficiency

What Is Calcium? Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, with 99% residing in teeth and bones where it constitutes 40% of skeletal bone weight along with 45% phosphorus. As a component of hard tissues, calcium fulfills a ...

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Vitamin D Deficiency

What Is Vitamin D? Vitamin D is the principle regulator of calcium homeostasis (balance) in the body.  This “vitamin” is really a prohormone, meaning it acts like a hormone but is not. Vitamin D does, however, contain cholesterol in its molecular ...

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Phosphorus Deficiency

What Is Phosphorus? Phosphorus is an essential mineral present in every cell of the body mostly in the form of phosphate. About 85% of phosphorus is present in bone making up a major component of bone formation. As a component of ...

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Bone Fractures 

What Are Bone Fractures? Bone fractures, or broken bones, are breaks in skeletal bones that occur usually from trauma to the bone itself or by a sudden violent contraction of muscle attached to it. Q: Are there other causes of ...

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Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

What Is Secondary Hyperparathyroidism? Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a parathyroid disorder resulting from hypocalcemia (low blood calcium level) that is characterized by excessive production of parathyroid hormone in the attempt to normalize the low blood calcium by releasing calcium from bone. ...

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Osteomalacia

What Is Osteomalacia? Osteomalacia is a metabolic bone disorder that causes abnormal skeletal changes characterized by generalized reduction in bone density (bone softening) in adults and pseudofractures (apparant on x-ray) with muscular weakness and bone tenderness. Bones have the normal amount of ...

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Bone Pain

What Is Bone Pain? Bone pain is pain or tenderness in bone tissue. Bone pain intensity and location depend on the causative disorder. Q: What are causative disorders of bone pain? A: Bone pain is a feature of various disorders ...

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Primary Hyperparathyroidism

What Is Primary Hyperparathyroidism? Primary hyperparathyroidism is a parathyroid disorder characterized by excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone by one or more parathyroid glands for more than 6 months. In primary hyperparathyroidism, blood calcium levels are high while phosphorus levels are ...

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Osteomalacia: definition

A metabolic bone disorder characterized by generalized reduction in bone density (bone softening) in adults and increased risk of fractures, especially wrist and pelvis, with muscular weakness of upper arms and thighs, waddling walk, and bone tenderness. Click for full description.

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Osteomalacic Myopathy: definition

A feature of osteomalacia characterized by painful proximal muscle weakness involving the thighs and upper arms and hyperreflexia resulting from deficiencies of phosphorus and vitamin D.

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Hypophosphatemia (Low Blood Phosphate Level): definition

The level of phosphorus in the bloodstream is too low to meet metabolic needs of the body for this mineral.

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Hyperparathyroidism, Primary: definition

A parathyroid disorder characterized by excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone by one or more parathyroid glands for more than 6 months.

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