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Childhood Disorders

This category comprises disorders that develop in childhood.

Juvenile Autoimmune Thyroid Disease

What Is Juvenile Autoimmune Thyroid Disease? Juvenile autoimmune thyroid disease is an autoimmune disorder occurring in childhood that targets and damages the thyroid gland, often causing goiter. It is characterized by abnormal circulating thyroid hormone levels in the bloodstream. Recent evidence ...

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Juvenile Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus)

What Is Juvenile Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus? Juvenile diabetes is type I diabetes mellitus that begins in childhood or before the age of 25 years. It is an inherited inflammatory autoimmune disease of the pancreas in which anti-islet autoantibodies destroy the ...

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Obesity

What Is Obesity? Obesity is an inflammatory metabolic disorder that is characterized by body mass index greater than 30% resulting from excessive body fat stored in adipose tissue. Q: What is body fat? A: Body fat is part of the body ...

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Osteopenia In Childhood 

What Is Osteopenia In Childhood? Osteopenia is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by diminished bone mass with the retention of normal cell appearance and high bone turnover. That is, bone production does not keep up with bone loss. Bones looks ...

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Penicillin V Impaired Absorption in Children 

What Is Penicillin V Impaired Absorption In Children? Penicillin V impaired absorption in children is characterized by lack of ability to absorb the oral antibiotic medicine, penicillin V,  from the small intestine. Q: What is penicillin V? A: Penicillin V ...

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Rickets

What Is Rickets? Rickets is a disorder of cartilage cell growth and enlargement of epiphyseal growth plates in young children that is characterized by inadequate mineralization of developing cartilage and newly formed bone. The epiphyseal growth plate is located at the ends ...

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Short Stature

What Is Short Stature? Short stature means the individual has not reached a normal height as a result of failure to thrive and severe growth delay in children.1 What Is Short Stature In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity? Catassi C, ...

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Spina Bifida 

What Is Spina Bifida? Spina bifida is a congenital defect of neural tube closure and among the commonest and most severe disorders of the fetus and newborn.1 Spina bifida is a defect in the walls of the spinal canal in ...

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Stroke in Childhood 

What Is Stroke In Childhood? Stroke in childhood is a medical emergency during which blood flow to an area of the brain is stopped, causing infarction or death of the area of cells in the brain fed by the blocked ...

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