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Author Archives: John Libonati

Author Information: John Libonati, SW Florida Publisher, Glutenfreeworks.com & The Gluten Free Works Treatment Guide.

Pruritus Ani: definition

Itching around the anus.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors: definition

Medicines that stop the stomach

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Protein: definition

One of the three main nutrients in food. Foods that provide protein include meat, poultry, fish, cheese, milk, dairy products, eggs, and dried beans. Proteins are also used in the body for cell structure, fighting , and other functions. The ...

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Protease: definition

A protein that digests other proteins.

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Prolapse: definition

A condition that occurs when a body part slips from its normal position.

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Prokinetic Drugs: definition

Medicines that cause muscles in the gastrointestinal tract to move food. Examples are bethanechol and metoclopramide. (Brand names: Duvoid, Reglan.)

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Prognosis: definition

The prediction of the course and end of a disease and the estimate of recovery.

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Proctoscope: definition

A short, rigid metal tube used to look into the rectum and anus.

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Proctologist: definition

A doctor who specializes in disorders of the anus and rectum.

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Proctitis: definition

Irritation of the rectum.

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Proctalgia Fugax: definition

Short episodes of intense pain in the rectum. It is caused by muscle spasms around the anus.

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis: definition

Irritation, scarring, and narrowing of the bile ducts inside and outside the liver. Bile builds up in the liver and may damage its cells. Many people with this condition also have ulcerative colitis.

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Primary Biliary Cirrhosis: definition

A chronic liver disease that slowly destroys the bile ducts in the liver, preventing the release of bile. Long-term irritation of the liver may cause scarring and cirrhosis in later stages of the disease.

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Prevalence: definition

The number of cases of a disease present in a specified population at a given time.

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Portal Vein: definition

The large vein that carries blood from the intestines and spleen to the liver.

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