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Author Archives: John Libonati

Author Information: John Libonati, SW Florida Publisher, Glutenfreeworks.com & The Gluten Free Works Treatment Guide.

Peptic: definition

Related to the stomach and the duodenum, where pepsin is present.

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Pepsin: definition

An enzyme made in the stomach that breaks down proteins.

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Pediatric Gastroenterologist: definition

A doctor who treats children who have digestive diseases.

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Pathophysiology: definition

The study of how normal physiological processes are altered by disease.

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Parietal Cells: definition

Cells in the stomach wall that make hydrochloric acid.

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Papillary Stenosis: definition

A condition in which the openings of the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts narrow.

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Papilla Of Vater: definition

Ampulla of Vater.

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Pancreatitis: definition

An irritation of the pancreas that can cause it to stop working. It is most often caused by gallstones or alcohol abuse.

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Pancreas: definition

A gland located in the upper abdomen that makes the hormone insulin, which it releases it into the bloodstream for the purpose of controlling blood glucose levels, and also produces enzymes and fluids which it releases into the duodenum (digestive tract) for the purpose ...

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Ostomy: definition

An operation that makes it possible for stool to leave the body through an opening made in the abdomen. An ostomy is necessary when part or all of the intestines are removed or blocked. Colostomy and ileostomy are types of ...

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Osmotics: definition

Drugs that draw fluid into the colon and soften stool, making it easier to pass. This class of drugs is useful for people with idiopathic constipation and includes lactulose and polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution. (Brand names: Cephulac, Miralax.)

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Occult Bleeding: definition

Blood in stool that is not visible to the naked eye. It may be a sign of inflammation or a disease such as colorectal cancer.

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Obstruction: definition

A blockage in the gastrointestinal tract that prevents the flow of liquids or solids.

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Nutcracker Esophagus: definition

A condition in which the muscle contraction in the esophagus is too strong, causing chest pain or difficulty swallowing.

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Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (Nash): definition

A common, often

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