Vitamins, Water Soluble

Water-soluble vitamins are micronutrients required for normal cell functions, growth, and maintenance and their deficient status leads to a wide range of abnormalities in various parts of the body. Essential vitamins must be obtained from the diet and their adequate supply depends on normal digestion and absorption by the gastrointestinal tract. Celiac disease interferes early with both digestion and absorption of these vitamins even before there is biopsy evidence of villous atrophy, or damage, to the small intestinal lining. The subsequent development of deficiency is shown by symptoms peculiar to the inadequate vitamin.

Cardiomegaly

What Is Cardiomegaly? Cardiomegaly is a non-inflammatory disorder of the myocardium (heart muscle) causing the heart to enlarge. Q: What happens when the heart enlarges? A:The heart enlarges because excessive growth of muscle tissue (hypertrophy) thickens the heart walls which in ...

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Nosebleeds, Unexplained (Epistaxis)

What Is Epistaxis? Epistaxis, or nosebleed, is a feature of secondary hemostasis (blood clotting) characterized by fragility of a plexus of blood vessels in the antero-inferior septum (just inside nostril) and/or abnormal blood coagulation. What Is Epistaxis In Celiac Disease ...

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Atherosclerosis

ahterosclerosis celiac disease complication symtpom

What Is Atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis is a disease of arteries involving the buildup of fatty material called plaque along the walls of medium and large arteries characterized by patchy subintimal thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of blood vessels. The intima is the ...

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Neutropenia 

What Is Neutropenia? Neutropenia  is a blood disorder characterized by presence of an abnormally low number of neutrophils. Neutrophils are white blood cells (leukocytes) that serves as the primary defense against infections by destroying bacteria in the blood.  Specfically, neutrophils are ...

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Macrocytosis

What Is Macrocytosis? Macrocytosis is a blood cell disorder characterized by altered blood cell formation that results in abnormally large erythrocytes (red blood cells) circulating in the bloodstream. The mean corpuscular volume (MCV), which is a measure of the size of ...

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Hyperprolactinemia (Excess Prolactin Hormone)

What Is Hyperprolactinemia? Hyperprolactinemia is an excess secretion of prolactin hormone causing an elevated blood level that is characterized by its effects on reproduction: in females causing  amenorrhea and in males causing reduced sexual potency. Q: What is prolactin? A: ...

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