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DICTIONARY

Gluten Free Works Health Recovery Center Dictionary

Synthesis: definition

The process of building more complex compounds from simpler compounds or elements.

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Repletion: definition

To restore to adequate nutrient levels in the body.

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Measurements: definition

MEASUREMENTS used in this guide: • Gram is a metric unit abbreviated (g). It contains 1,000 milligrams. • Milligram is a metric unit abbreviated (mg). It is 1,000th of a gram and contains 1,000 micrograms. • Microgram is a metric ...

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Free Radical: definition

Highly reactive and unstable molecules. These hostile molecules are a normal byproduct of processes within the body, such as metabolism, and also come from the environment such as smoke, air pollution, chemicals, toxic heavy metals and rancid fats.

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Dietary Guidelines: definition

DIETARY GUIDELINES set under Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS): • RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) – RDA’s are set by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institutes of Medicine with the goal of preventing nutrition-related disease. RDA’s are ...

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Antioxidants: definition

Substances that prevent or inhibit oxidative damage to the body by free radicals. Specific antioxidants quench the action of specific free radicals and convert them into harmless chemicals. Antioxidants include certain enzymes, essential nutrients, and a wide variety of compounds ...

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Prostaglandins: definition

Lipid compounds in cells derived from arachidonic acid that act as chemical messengers to both sustain homeostasis (balance of normal functions) and mediate (bring about) pathologic mechanisms, such as the inflammatory response.

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Fat: definition

The most concentrated stored energy in food. Each gram (g) supplies 9 calories of energy. Fats are digested to fatty acid and glycerol molecules and serve as a carrier to absorb the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K into ...

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Rotavirus: definition

The most common cause of infectious diarrhea in the United States, especially in children less than 2 years old. This virus causes gastroenteritis with symptoms of anorexia, vomiting and severe watery diarrhea in infants and children and usually milder diarrhea in ...

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C-Reactive Protein (CRP): definition

A blood marker of systemic inflammation.

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Stomach Acid, Low: definition

A decrease in or lack of normally occurring hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices of the stomach, causing food to remain in the stomach longer than the usual period of time needed for digestion. This can cause heartburn and/or indigestion and may produce gas. ...

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Medical Research Study or Clinical Trial: definition

Medical reseach conducted to investigate various aspects of disease such as how many people are at risk, how do people get the disease, and what treatment can help or cure the disease. It may show a treatment that is new or ...

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Clinical Trial or Medical Research Study: definition

Medical reseach conducted to investigate various aspects of disease such as how many people are at risk, how do people get the disease, and what treatment can help or cure the disease. It may show a treatment that is new or ...

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Bone Tissue: definition

Called osseous tissue. Bone is composed of specialized connective tissue (collagen) made up of living bone cells (osteocytes) that are embedded in a hard matrix (framework) of calcified substance. Bone matrix contains collagen fibers and the minerals calcium phosphate and ...

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B Lymphocytes or B Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. B lymphocytes or B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins.

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