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System – Immune

This category comprises disorders of the immune system that cause damage to tissues and/or impairment of its protective function against invading organisms. The immune system includes proteins such as interferons, chemicals such as histamine, white blood cells including phagocytes and leukocytes, and immunoglobulins (antibodies).

IgA Deficiency

What Is IgA Deficiency? IgA deficiency (IgAD) is an immunodeficiency disease characterized by lack of immunoglobulin A type antibody production, called IgA antibody, with no detectable levels in blood or secretions. Q: What is an IgA antibody? A: IgA is ...

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Common Variable Immunodeficiency 

What Is Common Variable Immunodeficiency? Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary antibody deficiency disease characterized by the onset of recurrent bacterial infections resulting from markedly decreased immunoglobulin antibody production and antibody levels. Q: What causes common variable immunodeficiency? A: Common variable ...

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Autoimmune Disorders In Dermatitis Herpetiformis

What Are Autoimmune Disorders? Autoimmune disorders refer to those conditions that involve an abnormal attack on the body’s own tissues perpetuated by the production of autoantibodies directed against self. Q: What happens when autoantibodies attack the body’s own tissues? A: ...

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Allergic Rhinitis

What Is Allergic Rhinitis? Allergic rhinitis is an immune disorder characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucosa by an IgE antibody reaction to an allergen. An allergen is something that triggers an allergic immune response. Q: What is the immune ...

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Diabetes Mellitus, Type I

What Is Type I Diabetes Mellitus? Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), also termed type 1A, is an inherited autoimmune disorder in which anti-islet autoantibodies destroy the islet cells of the pancreas that secrete insulin hormone. Type 1 diabetes mellitus was formerly ...

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Milk Intolerance – Bovine Beta Casein Enteropathy

What Is Milk Intolerance (Bovine Beta Casein Enteropathy)? Bovine beta casein enteropathy is characterized by raised serum IgA antibodies to bovine beta casein found by blood testing and damage to mucosa of the jejunum found by biopsy. The jejunum is the second ...

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Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis 

What Is Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis? Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an uncommon, slowly progressive bile duct disease that results in stagnation or build-up of bile in the liver, called cholestasis. Primary sclerosing cholangitis is characterized by sclerosis, or scarring inflammation ...

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Erythroblastopenia, Transient

What Is Transient Erythroblastopenia? Transient erythroblastopenia is a rare disorder of red blood cell formation characterized by brief, reversible disappearance of erythroblasts (red blood cell precursors) in the bone marrow of children. Q: What do the red blood cells look ...

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