Bladder infection, or cystitis, is a urinary disorder characterized by pyuria (pus in urine) and dysuria (impaired urination).
Cystitis is often simply called a UTI, although UTI (urinary tract infection) can affect any part of the urinary system.
Q: Is urine sterile?
A: Yes. While urine normally consists of 95% water, salts (eg. sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium), and waste products (eg. urea, uric acid, ammonia) it should not contain microbes (germs).
The usual cause of bladder infection is microbial invasion that may be bacteria, fungi or virus entering from the urethra. Infection results from microbe colonization of the lining and growth in the bladder. Most infections are caused by bacteria that live in the colon.
Who is at Risk in the General Population? UTI is the second most common type of infection in the body. Women are most prone with a lifetime risk of 50%. Everyone has some risk, but those with highest risk to develop cystitis include:
- Persons who have trouble emptying the bladder.
- Persons with a problem that obstructs urine flow, like enlarged prostate.
- Persons with diabetes.
- Persons with a debilitating condition, like stroke or heart disease.
- Persons with spinal cord injury.
- Persons with malnutrition like celiac disease or poor defenses against infection like anemia or cancer.
What Is Bladder Infection In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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