What Is Increased Susceptibility To Tuberculosis?
Tuberculosis (TB), is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is characterized by chronic bacterial infection most commonly affecting lungs that develops in stages.
Increased susceptibility to tuberculosis menas the person’s defense mechanisms against developing infection are inadequate. Tuberculosis may be dormant or active.
Q: What happens in active tuberculosis?
A: Active tuberculosis produces inflammation and formation of tubercles, necrosis (death of tissues), abcess, fibrosis, and calcification. Calcification is the body’s action to encapsulate the bacterial invasion. Active tuberculosis is life-threatening and may result in death.
About one third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis bacteria. In 2012 the number reached a staggering 8.6 million people. Of these, 1.3 million people died from tuberulosis. About 95% of tuberulosis deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries and it is among the top three causes of death among women aged 15 to 44.1
People with weakened immune systems have a much greater risk of falling ill from tuberculosis. For example, a person living with HIV is about 20 to 30 times more likely to develop active tuberculosis.2 The combination of tuberculosis, HIV coinfection, and malnutrition has been commonly termed as “triple trouble.”3
What Is Increased Susceptibility To Tuberculosis In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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- Steinbrenner H, Al-Quraishy S, Dkhil MA, Wunderlich F, Sies H. Dietary selenium in adjuvant therapy of viral and bacterial infections. Adv Nutr. 2015 Jan 15;6(1):73-82. doi: 10.3945/an.114.007575. Print 2015 Jan.