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Tag Archives: Kidney Disorders

Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi)

What Are Kidney Stones? Kidney stones, also called renal calculi, are abnormal hard formations in the kidneys that are composed mainly of calcium oxalate, also uric acid, and cystine. Q: How big are kidney stones? A: Stones can vary in ...

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IgA Nephropathy

What Is IgA Nephropathy? IgA nephropathy, also called Berger’s disease, is a primary renal disease that results when immunoglobulin A (IgA) forms deposits in the glomeruli, where it creates inflammation. IgA nephropathy is characterized by recurrent hematuria (blood in urine), mild proteinuria ...

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Hypocalciuria (Low Urine Calcium)

What Is Hypocalciuria? Hypocalciuria is the term for an abnormally low level of calcium in the urine. This laboratory finding indicates low urinary excretion of calcium by the kidneys, which is an early renal compensatory mechanism or attempt to conserve ...

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Macrolipasemia: definition

An enzyme disorder characterized by accumulation in the blood of altered molecules of lipase, a pancreatic enzyme, that is abnormally bound with serum proteins, commonly IgG and/or IgA. The abnormally large complex called macrolipase cannot be excreted by the kidneys. Click for ...

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Macroamylasemia: definition

An enzyme disorder characterized by altered pancreatic amylase bound with blood proteins, commonly IgA and/or IgA antibodies,  producing an abnormally large complex called macroamylase that builds up in the blood because the kidneys cannot excrete it in urine. Click for full ...

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Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi): definition

Hard formations in the kidneys composed mainly of calcium oxalate, also uric acid and cystine, and varying in size from microscopic crystals to several centimeters in diameter. Click for full description.

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IgA Nephropathy: definition

A primary renal disease in which circulating IgA antigliadin antibodies (IgA-AGA) are often found and is characterized by recurrent hematuria (blood in urine), mild proteinuria (protein in urine), and changes to the kidney’s filtering apparatus (glomeruli). Click for full description.

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