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Tag Archives: Glossary

Postbulbar Duodenal Ulceration and Stenosis: definition

A chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by thickening of the intestinal lining with excoriation penetrating the muscularis mucosae (muscle layer of the intestine) associated with villous atrophy. Click for full description.

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Polymyositis: definition

An uncommon autoimmune body-wide connective tissue disease characterized by inflammatory and degeneratory changes in skeletal muscles leading to muscle weakness, wasting, and loss.  Click for full description.

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Pneumococal Septicemia: definition

A systemic response to lung infection caused by bacterial infection spread to the bloodstream. Click for full description.

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Esophageal Webs: definition

Thin mucosal membranes growing across the inside of the esophagus causing obstruction. Click for full description.

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Plummer-Vinson Syndrome Affecting Esophagus: definition

A rare iron deficiency disorder that is characterized by a combination of postcricoid esophageal webs (upper throat area), iron deficiency anemia, dysphagia and koilonychia (nail spooning), predisposing to esophageal cancer. Click for full description.

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Plasma Proteins, Low: definition

Abnormal blood level indicates malnutrition. Click for full description.

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Cancer of the Pharynx: definition

A malignant growth of cells in the pharynx (throat) that is a major complication of celiac disease, developing as a consequence of gluten exposure and deficiencies of selenium, vitamin E and possibly, omega-3 fatty acids. Click  for full description.

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Peripheral Neuropathy: definition

Damage to one or more peripheral nerves characterized by impaired nerve transmission causing burning, tingling or numbness of hands and feet and resulting from any of these nutrient deficiencies: folate, niacin (B3), thiamin (B1), pyridoxine (B6), vitamin B12, or omega-3 fatty ...

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Penicillin V Impaired Absorption in Children: definition

Lack of ability to absorb penicillin V from the small intestine due to intestinal inflammation in celiac disease. Click for full description.

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Parathyroid Carcinoma: definition

A rare malignancy involving overactive parathyroid glands characterized by asymptomatic hypercalcemia (elevated blood calcium level) in most patients, suppressed serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, and renal failure in some. Click for full description.

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Pancreatic Insufficiency: definition

Impaired pancreatic ability to produce adequate enzymes to digest fats, proteins and carbohydrates entering the small intestine that causes persistently impaired nutrient assimilation and malnutrition. Click for full description.

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Osteoporosis: definition

A metabolic bone disorder characterized by diminished bone mass (density) with retention of normal cell appearance, but fragile strength, and high bone turnover caused by deficiency of calcium and vitamin D in particular and other micronutrients that include:  copper, magnesium, ...

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Osteonecrosis: definition

A painful bone disorder caused by death of bone cells resulting from insufficient blood flow to a part of the skeleton due to secondary hyperparathyroidism from calcium deficiency. Click for full description.

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Osteomalacia: definition

A metabolic bone disorder characterized by generalized reduction in bone density (bone softening) in adults and increased risk of fractures, especially wrist and pelvis, with muscular weakness of upper arms and thighs, waddling walk, and bone tenderness. Click for full description.

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Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica: definition

A metabolic bone disease characterized by decalcification and softening of bones with bone cyst formation and bone tumors developing from effects of a parathyroid adenoma (tumor). Click for full description.

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