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Tag Archives: Glossary

Constipation: definition

A condition in which a person usually has fewer than three bowel movements in a week. The bowel movements may be painful.

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Computerized Tomography (Ct) Scan: definition

An x ray that produces pictures of the body. Also called a computed axial tomography (CAT) scan or computed tomography (CT) scan.

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Common Bile Duct: definition

The tube that carries bile from the liver to the small intestine.

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Colostomy: definition

An operation that attaches the colon to an opening in the abdomen called a stoma. An ostomy pouch, attached to the stoma and worn outside the body, collects stool. A temporary colostomy may be created to allow the rectum to ...

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Colorectal Cancer: definition

Cancer that starts in the colon (also called the large intestine) or the rectum (the end of the large intestine). Several digestive diseases may increase a person

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Colon Polyps: definition

Small, fleshy, mushroom-shaped growths in the colon.

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Colonoscopy: definition

A test to look into the rectum and colon that uses a long, flexible, narrow tube with a light and tiny camera on the end. The tube is called a colonoscope.

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Colonic Inertia: definition

A condition of the colon when the muscles do not work properly, causing constipation.

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Colonocytes: definition

Cells that form the surface lining of the large intestine.

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Colon: definition

The part of the large intestine extending from the cecum to, but not including, the rectum.

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Collagenous Colitis: definition

A type of colitis having an abnormal band of collagen, which is a threadlike protein.

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Collagen: definition

A strong, fibrous, insoluble protein in connective tissue, including skin, deep fascia, tendons, ligaments and bone.

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Colitis: definition

Irritation of the colon.

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Colic: definition

Attacks of abdominal pain. Infant colic refers to extended crying of unknown cause in infants.

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Colectomy: definition

An operation to remove all or part of the colon.

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