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Tag Archives: Glossary

Bolus: definition

The mass of food formed in the mouth by chewing mixed with saliva before swallowing.

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Comorbid: definition

The presence of other disease(s) in addition to the primary diagnosis.

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Dysarthria: definition

A neuromuscular disorder that impairs some or all of the vocal tract muscles resulting in difficulty with speaking.

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Aphasia: definition

A language disorder caused by damage to the brain in which the person loses some or all ability to speak, understand speech, read or write.

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Belly (Abdomen): definition

The area of the body between the chest and the hips containing the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.

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Eicosanoids: definition

A large group of highly bioactive hormone-like substances that can be produced in every cell from either omega-3 fatty acids or omega-6  fatty acids depending on the environment outside the cell.  Eicosanoids include prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and thromboxanes that are involved in ...

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Anerobic Exercise: definition

Strenuous exercise, such as running that requires more oxygen by working muscles than can be delivered which results in build-up of lactic acid through the anerobic generation of energy. Exercises of this type stimulate the production of testosterone and growth hormone.

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Aerobic Exercise: definition

A low intensity exercise that allows adequate oxygen movement to muscles so that lactic acid is not produced as it would be in high intensity exercise. This type of exercise is helpful for lowering blood glucose and insulin levels.

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Larynx: definition

The larynx, also called voice box, is a muscular organ made up of nine cartilages located below the mouth at the upper end of the windpipe in the throat. It functions to produce speech and 

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Mouth: definition

Body cavity where food is received and digestion is begun by tearing, grinding, and chewing it with the teeth while mixing with saliva to begin the chemical breakdown needed to dissolve, lubricate and dilute food for proper swallowing.

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Procedure: definition

A series of steps to follow.

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Nutrients: definition

Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals used by the body for metabolism.

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Vitamin Nutrient: definition

An organic compound found in plants and animals that is vital to the body and serves as a co-factor or co-enzyme to hasten or facilitate metabolic processes. Vitamins are not sources of energy and are not used as components of ...

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Mineral Nutrient: definition

An inorganic element or compound occurring in nature that is essential to the body.

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Gastrointestinal Tract: definition

The mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, intestines and rectum.

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