What Is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a thought disorder characterized by psychotic symptoms and inappropriate and bizarre behavior.
Schizophrenia involves dysfunction in any of these areas:
- Cognition which are thinking skills that include intellect, language, mathematical ability, memory, perception, reasoning, judgment, learning, and imagination.
- Interpersonal relationships.
- Ability to work or attend education.
- Ability to take care of physical and financial needs.
Q: What are psychotic symptoms?
A: In psychosis the symptoms vary but include loss of contact with reality shown by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech, and disorientation. Some may be depressed or manic. Some may be withdrawn and mute while others may become violent if frustrated or thwarted.
In hallucinations, affected persons see what is not real such as a burgler in the process of robbing them but which is not really happening or hear voices that are not real.
In delusions, affected persons may express strange ideas, claim to read minds or that they are a famous person living or dead.
Early-onset schizophrenia with onset before age 18 is defined by the same diagnostic criteria as in adults because it is continuous with adult schizophrenia. The onset before age 12 years comprises less than 1% of adult cases, and onset from age 12–18 years constitutes about 12–33% of all adult cases of schizophrenia.1
What Is Schizophrenia In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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Pagsberg AK, Tarp S, Glintborg D, Stenstrøm AD, Fink-Jensen A, Correll CU, Christensen R. Antipsychotic treatment for children and adolescents with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: protocol for a network meta-analysis of randomised trials. BMJ Open. 2014 Oct 10;4(10):e005708. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005708. ↩