Refractory iron  deficiency anemia (IDA) is a microcytic (small cell) type anemia.
It is characterized by formation of abnormally small, pale red blood cells and iron  depletion, or inadequate iron  content in the body, that does not respond to prescribed treatment with oral iron  supplementation as expected.
Q: How is iron  content in the body determined?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) mild anemia corresponds to a hemoglobin (Hb) of 9.5 g/dL, moderate anemia to a Hb of 8 g/dL but less than 9.5 g/dL, and severe anemia to a Hb of less than 8.0 g/dL.
What Is Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia In Childhood In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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