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Coagulation Factors, Low

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Model of coagulation factors found in blood.

Model of coagulation factors found in blood.

What Are Low Coagulation Factors?

Coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X found in blood are essential for normal blood clotting.  Low coagulation factors on blood assay indicate an altered secondary coagulation disorder that is characterized by impaired clot formation.

Each coagulation factor must be present in sufficient quantity in order for normal clotting to occur, but the level required is different for each factor. Results are frequently reported as a percentage with 100% being normal. For example, a factor VIII that is 30% would be considered abnormally low.1

The production of the coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X requires vitamin K without which the factors will be low.

Q: What happens when coagulation factors II, VII, IX, and X are low?

A: When any of the blood clotting factors are lacking or not working properly, the blood tests prothrombin (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) will be abnormally prolonged. Prothrombin and partial thromboplastin time measure the time it takes for blood to clot.  When you bleed, the body launches a series of activities that help the blood clot. This is called the coagulation cascade. There are three pathways to this event. These tests looks at coagulation factors, found in two of these pathways.2

What Are Low Coagulation Factors In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?


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  1. http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/coagulation-factors/tab/test []
  2. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003653.htm []