Hypoglycemia means the level of glucose within cells is too low to meet metabolic needs of the body for this essential sugar.
Q: What are the metabolic needs for glucose?
A: Glucose is the most important simple sugar in human metabolism mainly because it is the primary source of energy for most cells of the body.
Energy contained in the glucose molecule is obtained by the body from its reaction with oxygen (oxidation). This oxidation reaction occurs in power producing mitochondria structures that are located within cells.1
Hypoglycemia is characterized by alterations in neurologic, metabolic and muscular functions:
- Neurologic function because brain tissue is particularly dependent on glucose for energy,
- Metabolic function of glucose-dependent tissues which include red blood cells, white blood cells, bone marrow, eye, inner heart of the kidney, and peripheral nerves because these tissues cannot metabolize fatty acids as an alternate source of energy, and
- Muscle function because muscle cells continually require glucose for energy production.
Glucose is made available to cells through the regulating action of insulin, a hormone produced by specialized cells located on the surface of the pancreas.
What Is Hypoglycemia In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/organic/sugar.html accessed 11 14 12 ↩