Esophageal small cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy arising in the esophagus with a poor prognosis.
Q: Where does the cancer occur in the esophagus?
A: Esophageal cancer can occur anywhere in the esophagus.
The esophagus is a muscular tube that transports swallowed substances to the stomach. It begins at the cricoid cartilage (Adam’s apple) as a continuation of the pharynx and ends at the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).
The LES is a circular muscle surrounding the junction of the esophagus and stomach. The LES opens to allow swallowed food and liquids to enter the stomach and closes to prevent their travelling back into the esophagus.
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) occurs when the inside diameter of the esophagus constricts to less than 14 millimeters. First there is difficulty swallowing solid food then liquids and saliva due to progressive growth of the cancer.
What Is Esophageal Small Cell Carcinoma In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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