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Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

eczemaWhat Is Eczema?

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic recurring inflammatory skin disorder characterized by itching, eczematous plaques and a defective epidermal barrier (surface layer of skin cells) that fails to hold moisture, with affected areas becoming dry then inflamed.

Q: Why does eczema develop?

A: Patients with atopic dermatitis have genetically determined risk factors that affect the barrier function of the skin and immune responses that interact with environmental factors.1

Atopic eczema is associated both with an abnormal skin matrix and impaired systemic immune response. Therefore, isolated topical treatment may have suboptimal effect.2 

Atopic eczema is a common presentation of  immune response towards food proteins in infancy.3

Global evidences reflect a marked increase in prevalence, which has tripled since 1960. In the United States, the current prevalence rates range from 10% to 20% in children and 1 to 3% in adults.4

What Is Eczema In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?


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  1. Mesquita Kde C, Igreja AC, Costa IM. Atopic dermatitis and vitamin D: facts and controversies. An Bras Dermatol. 2013 Nov-Dec;88(6):945-53. doi: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20132660. 

  2. Caffarelli C, Santamaria F, Vottero A, Bernasconi S. Progress in Pediatrics in 2012: choices in allergy, endocrinology, gastroenterology, hematology, infectious diseases, neurology, nutrition and respiratory tract illnesses. Ital J Pediatr. 2013 May 8;39(1):26. 

  3. Ho MH, Wong WH, Chang C. Clinical Spectrum of Food Allergies: a Comprehensive Review. Clin Rev Allergy Immunol. 2012 Nov 16. 

  4. Mesquita Kde C, Igreja AC, Costa IM. Atopic dermatitis and vitamin D: facts and controversies. An Bras Dermatol. 2013 Nov-Dec;88(6):945-53. doi: 10.1590/abd1806-4841.20132660. 

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