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Gastroparesis – Delayed Gastric Emptying

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Reproduction of a lithograph plate showing inside of the stomach from Gray's Anatomy. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons.

Reproduction of a lithograph plate showing inside of the stomach from Gray’s Anatomy. Courtesy Wikipedia Commons.

What Is Delayed Gastric Emptying?

Delayed gastric emptying is a stomach motility or movement disorder characterized by abnormally slow movement of gastric contents from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum, causing dyspepsia.

Q: What determines how fast the stomach empties?

A: How fast the stomach empties depends on the pressure of strong coordinated muscle contractions in the top region of the stomach propelling chyme against resistance at the pylorus (base region of the stomach).

Chyme is food that has been dissolved and thoroughly mixed with stomach secretions.

In the digestion of carbohydrate, protein and fat, protein leaves the stomach first (1 hour), then carbohydrates (1 1/2 to 2 hours), and fat takes longest to digest (2-4 hours). Plain water is able to pass through the pylorus within 5 minutes.

What Is Delayed Gastric Emptying In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?


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