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Author Information: John Libonati, SW Florida Publisher, Glutenfreeworks.com & The Gluten Free Works Treatment Guide.

Vitamin K Deficiency

What Is Vitamin K? Vitamin K is a family of fat-soluble vitamins, called K vitamers, that exists in three forms: K1 is a natural form found in plants (phylloquinone); K2, found in some animal foods, is synthesized in the intestine ...

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Linoleic Acid (LA) Deficiency

What Is Linoleic Acid? Linoleic acid is an essential omega-6 fatty acid that comes from plant sources. Essential means the body must have it to maintain health and life sustaining functions. Omega-6 fatty acids are polyunsaturated. Among its many vital ...

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Glucose Deficiency

What Is Glucose? Glucose is the most important simple sugar in human metabolism because it is the primary source of energy for most cells of the body and is particularly required by the brain. Q: Where does glucose get energy? ...

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Villi: definition

Plural of villus, meaning the millions of minute structures of the intestinal mucosa that project into the intestinal lumen for the purpose of absorbing passing nutrients into the blood and lymph system. Villus enzymes digest the sugars lactose, sucrose, and ...

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Villus: definition

One of millions of minute structures of the intestinal mucosa that project into the intestinal lumen for the purpose of absorbing passing nutrients into the blood and lymph system. Villus enzymes digest the sugars lactose, sucrose, and maltose and finish ...

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Urea Breath Test: definition

A test used to detect Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. The test detects the presence of urease, an enzyme made by H. pylori.

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Upper GI Series: definition

Same as barium meal.

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Upper GI Endoscopy: definition

Looking into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with an endoscope. See endoscopy.

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Ultrasound Procedure: definition

The direction of inaudible sound waves in the frequency range of 10,000 to 10 billion cycles/ sec for the purpose of outlining the shape of various tissues and organs in the body and so permitting

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Ulcerative Jejunoileitis: definition

A severe complication of celiac disease causing ulcerations and strictures of the small intestine.

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Ulcerative Colitis: definition

A disease that causes ulcers and irritation in the inner lining of the colon and rectum.

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Ulcer: definition

A sore of the skin or mucous membranes marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissue.((Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 19th Edition. F.A Davis Company. Philadelphia, PA))

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Transglutaminase: definition

An enzyme in endomysium tissue that combines with gliadin to form the epitope that is the autoantigen in celiac disease.

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Tracheoesophageal Fistula: definition

Condition that occurs when there is a connection between the esophagus and the trachea, or windpipe, causing food and saliva to enter the lungs. It is most often caused by cancer.

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Tropical Sprue: definition

A condition of unknown cause producing abnormalities in the lining of the small intestine that prevent the body from absorbing food normally

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