What Is Aortic Vasculitis?
Aortic vasculitis is an inflammatory disease of the aorta that causes dilation of the aorta wall with narrowing of the inside passageway and results in widespread impairment of blood flow to tissues served by the aorta.
Q: What is the result of inflammatory disease of the aorta?
A: The aorta is the largest artery in the body. It extends from the left ventricle (lower chamber) of the heart and carries blood out of the heart with each beat to rest of the body. Narrowing of the aorta’s inside diameter due to swelling from inflammation causes elevated blood pressure and enlarged heart because of back pressure of blood unable to be fully pumped out of the heart with each beat. The heart enlarges because the difficulty of pumping blood out makes it work harder than normal.
Vasculitis that causes midaortic syndrome is a variety of aortic coarctation (narrowing) located in the lower thoracic aorta, the abdominal aorta or both, involving the intestinal and renal vessels (kidney). It usually presents with arterial hypertension.1 
What Is Aortic Vasculitis In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?
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Massel D. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduced mortality and morbidity after recent myocardial infarction. Therapeutics. Jan-Feb 2000:6 ↩