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Angina Pectoris

What Is Angina Pectoris?Coronary Artery Lesion [5]

Angina pectoris, or simply angina, is a coronary syndrome characterized by an oppressive substernal pain (pain under breastbone) or pressure brought on by exertion and relieved by rest that results from failure of coronary arteries to deliver adequate oxygen to heart tissue due to ischemic heart disease.

Q: Why do coronary arteries fail to deliver adequate oxygen to heart tissue?

A: Coronary arteries are the blood vessels that serve the heart. In angina, these vessels fail to deliver adequate oxygen to heart tissue because they are narrowed or blocked by fatty buildups, called atherosclerotic plaques or by a blood clot which impair their ability to carry adequate blood that carries the oxygen. Diseased coronary arteries cannot deliver adequate oxygenated blood pumped by the heart to its own muscle cells.

The heart is a muscular organ that is working all the time without rest, so it needs a constant supply of oxygen. When heart muscle has to work harder, it needs more oxygen. Lack of oxygen causes pain which makes the affected person stop activity and rest.

Angina can be stable or unstable. Unstable angina is much more serious and can be life-threatening.

What Is Angina In Celiac Disease and/or Gluten Sensitivity?


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  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001247/  [10]

  2. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Unstable-Angina_UCM_437513_Article.jsp#  [11]