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DICTIONARY

Gluten Free Works Health Recovery Center Dictionary

Abdomen or Belly: definition

The area of the body between the chest and the hips containing the stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen.

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Absorption: definition

The way nutrients are taken into the body by the digestive system.

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Achalasia: definition

A rare disorder of the esophagus making it difficult to swallow food because the muscle at the end of the esophagus does not relax enough for the passage to open.

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Achlorhydria: definition

A lack of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices of the stomach.

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Acute: definition

Refers to conditions that happen suddenly and last a short time. Acute is the opposite of chronic, or long lasting.

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Addison’s Disease: definition

An immune based disease of the adrenal glands characterized by failure to produce adrenocortical hormones.

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Adenocarcinoma, Small Intestine: definition

A rare malignant tumor of the small intestine comprising only 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies.

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Adenosine Triphosphate or ATP: definition

Main fuel used by cells.  ATP, present in all cells, is formed when energy is released from food molecules during cell respiration. The energy in ATP is released when needed by the action of the enzyme triphosphatase. ATP is a compound ...

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Adenovirus: definition

Viruses that cause gastroenteritis and respiratory infection. Vomiting and diarrhea appear about 1 week after exposure. Infections occur all year round and most often in children less than 2 years old.

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Adrenal Gland: definition

One of two glands each located on top of a kidney that makes adrenocortical hormones and releases them as required into the bloodstream.  The three adrenal hormones are glucocorticoids (cortisol) to control the stress response, mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) to control the retention and excretion ...

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Aerobic Exercise: definition

A low intensity exercise that allows adequate oxygen movement to muscles so that lactic acid is not produced as it would be in high intensity exercise. This type of exercise is helpful for lowering blood glucose and insulin levels.

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Aerophagia: definition

A condition that occurs when a person swallows too much air, causing gas in the stomach and frequent belching.

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Alactasia: definition

An inherited condition causing a lack of the enzyme needed to digest milk sugar, which is lactose.

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Alkaline Reflux Esophagitis: definition

The development of inflammation of the esophagus due to prolonged contact of the esophagus with non-acidic, that is, alkaline gastric contents.

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Allele: definition

One of the variant forms of a gene at a particular locus, or location, on a chromosome. Different alleles produce variation in inherited characteristics such as hair color or blood type. In an individual, one form of the allele (the ...

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