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System – Digestive

Disorders of the digestive system cause damage to tissues and/or dysfunction of the organs that make up the digestive system: the mouth including salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, sigmoid colon, rectum and anus. Organs that help with digestion but are not part of the digestive tract are the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

Abdominal Distention, Chronic  (Bloating)

chronic abdominal distention celiac disease gluten symptom

What Is Chronic Abdominal Distention? Abdominal distention, or bloating, is characterized by enlargement in normal size of abdomen not due to fatty tissue. Q: Why does the abdomen enlarge? A: The abdomen enlarges because the bowel is dysfunctional. Loops of ...

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Abdominal Pain, Chronic or Recurrent

What Is Chronic Or Recurrent Abdominal Pain? Abdominal pain is characterized by pain anywhere in the abdominal cavity between the chest and groin. This region is often referred to as the belly. Abdominal pain, or bellyache, indicates that something is ...

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Adenocarcinoma Of Small Intestine (Cancer)

What Is Adenocarcinoma Of Small Intestine? Adenocarcinomas are malignant tumors, or cancer, of the small bowel arising out of glandular tissue. They fall in the category of rare neoplasm, comprising only 3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies. Primary adenocarcinoma is the ...

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Aphthous Ulcers (Canker Sores) 

What Are Aphthous Ulcers? Aphthous ulcers, also called canker sores, are a chronic disorder of soft mouth tissue characterized by small, painful purpuric, papular, or erosive lesions that are often surrounded by erythematous (red) margins.1 Q: What soft mouth tissues develop ...

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Bleeding / Swollen Gums

What Are Bleeding / Swollen Gums? Bleeding and/or swollen gums is  an inflammatory disorder characterized by changes in gum integrity that may result in tooth loss. Sponginess of the gum (swelling) indicates inflammation, called gingivitis.  Q: What causes gingivitis? A: Gingivitis that ...

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Bleeding, Occult Gastrointestinal

What Is Occult Gastrointestinal Bleeding? Occult gastrointestinal bleeding is characterized by unseen or minute quantities of blood in stool. The origin of bleeding is from mucosa that lines the inside of the digestive tract at a site that must be ...

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Bleeding: Fecal Occult Blood In Children 

What Is Fecal Occult Blood In Children? The presence of fecal occult blood in children is caused by minimal bleeding of less than a tablespoon a day in the gastrointestinal tract which leads to iron deficiency. Bleeding is abnormal and ...

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Cancer Of The Esophagus 

What Is Cancer Of The Esophagus? Cancer of the esophagus is a malignancy arising in the stratified squamous cell lining of any part of the esophagus and having a poor prognosis. This tumor first invades the deeper layers of the ...

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Cancer Of The Pharynx 

What Is Cancer Of The Pharynx? Cancer of the pharynx is a malignant growth of stratified squamous cells that line the pharynx, or throat. Q: What are stratified squamous cells that line the pharynx? A: Stratified squamous cells are thin, flat epithelial ...

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Cancer, Post-Cricoid

What Is Post-Cricoid Carcinoma? Post-cricoid carcinoma is a rare malignancy arising in the hypopharynx. Q: What is the hypopharynx? A: The hypopharynx is the lower portion of the pharynx that opens into the larynx. It is comprised of the postcricoid ...

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Cancer, Esophageal Small Cell

What Is Esophageal Small Cell Cancer (Carcinoma)? Esophageal small cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy arising in the esophagus with a poor prognosis. Q: Where does the cancer occur in the esophagus? A: Esophageal cancer can occur anywhere in ...

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Candida Albicans Infection

What Is Candida Albicans Infection? Candida albicans infection, called candidosis or candidiasis, is an opportunistic invasion of mucous membrane or skin by candida albicans, an endogenous yeast found in 40 to 80% of normal human beings. A former name for ...

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Carbohydrate Malabsorption

What Is Carbohydrate Malabsorption? Carbohydrate malabsorption is a digestive disorder characterized by the inability to properly digest and absorb carbohydrates within the small intestine to supply needed energy to the body. Q: What carbohydrates should be normally digested and absorbed? A: In normal ...

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Celiac Disease After Childbirth (Puerperium)  

What Is The Puerperium Complicated by Celiac Disease? Celiac disease complicating puerperium is an adult manifestation of celiac disease that appears during the 6 weeks after delivery of a baby(ies). It is characterized by severe diarrhea in the newly delivered ...

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Celiac Disease, Refractory

What Is Refractory Celiac Disease? Refractory celiac disease, formerly called refractory sprue, is a severe complication characterized by persistence of symptoms and intestinal inflammation despite gluten free diet after 12 months.1 Refractory celiac disease appears in two forms, ulcerative jejunitis (RCD ...

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