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System – Blood

This category comprises disorders of blood including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, coagulation factors, blood proteins, enzymes, antibodies, hormones, and nutritional components including minerals, vitamins, and lipids.

Anemia, Iron Deficiency

What Is Iron Deficiency Anemia? Iron deficiency anemia is a blood cell disorder that is characterized by formation of small, pale red blood cells, causing tissue hypoxia. Hypoxia is the inability to meet the demands of the body for oxygen. ...

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Hypomagnesemia (Low Blood Level of Magnesium)

What Is Hypomagnesemia? Hypomagnesemia means the level of magnesium in the bloodstream is too low to meet metabolic needs of the body for this mineral. Q: What are the metabolic needs of the body for magnesium? A: The metabolic needs ...

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Zincemia (Low Zinc Blood Level)

Zincemia low zinc level symptom of celiac disease and gluten

What Is Zincemia? Zincemia means the zinc level in blood plasma is too low to meet metabolic needs of the body for this mineral. Q: How important is a normal blood level of zinc? A: A low blood level of ...

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Low Plasma Proteins

What Are Low Plasma Proteins? Low plasma proteins found in blood indicates an abnormal blood level. Plasma proteins are any of the proteins that constitute about 6% to 7% of the blood plasma in the body. They include albumin, fibrinogen, ...

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Iron Deficiency

What Is Iron? Iron is an essential mineral that is required for normal body function. Almost two-thirds of iron in the body is found in hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to tissues. Smaller amounts of ...

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Homocysteine, Elevated Blood Level (Hyperhomocysteinemia)

What Is Elevated Homocysteine? Elevated homocysteine in blood, called hyperhomocysteinemia, indicates an abnormal blood level of this transient amino acid. Q: How does the level of homocysteine become abnormal? A: In metabolism, homocysteine is briefly formed in the breakdown of ...

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B Lymphocytes or B Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. B lymphocytes or B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins.

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T Lymphocytes or T Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. T lymphocytes or T cells are also called T regulatory cells.  T cells attack body cells themselves when they have been taken over by ...

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FoxP3+ T cells: definition

FoxP3+ T cells represent a major subset of regulatory T cells. They can be produced as natural or induced cells. FoxP3+ T cells are made in the thymus gland as natural FoxP3+ T cells and periphery as induced FoxP3+ T ...

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Cancer Predisposition In Children 

What Is Cancer Predisposition In Children? Cancer predisposition in children signifies a higher than normal risk of developing cancer. Cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in the body. Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood ...

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Anemia, Folic Acid Deficiency  

Folic acid deficiency anemia gluten celiac disease symptom

What Is Folic Acid Or Folate Deficiency Anemia? Folic acid deficiency anemia, also called folate deficiency anemia, is a macrocytic anemia characterized by defective DNA synthesis of red blood cells that results from a lack of folate in the body. ...

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Prolonged Prothrombin Time

What Is Prolonged Prothrombin Time? Prolonged prothrombin time (PT) is a laboratory blood test result showing that blood clots too slowly which makes the patient subject to abnormal bleeding. Q: What does the prothrombin time (PT) test measure? A: The ...

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Anti-Endomysium Antibodies (EMA) Present In Blood

What Are Anti-Endomysium Antibodies? Anti-endomysium antibodies (EmA) are connective tissue autoantibodies produced in persons who have inherited the genes for celiac disease, an autoimmune disease, and are reacting to gluten in their diet. Autoantibodies are abnormal in that they attack ...

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Anti-Gliadin Antibodies Present

What Are Anti-Gliadin Antibodies? Anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA) are produced by the body as an immune response against partially digested gliadin peptides (fragments) that have abnormally entered the body from the intestinal tract. Gliadin is a protein in wheat grain. Anti-gliadin antibodies circulating ...

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Bone Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), Elevated

What Is Elevated Bone Alkaline Phosphatase? Elevated bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) is a laboratory result that indicates an abnormal blood level of this bone enzyme. A bone alkaline phosphatase blood level is one of the most frequently used biochemical markers of ...

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