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System – Blood

This category comprises disorders of blood including red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, coagulation factors, blood proteins, enzymes, antibodies, hormones, and nutritional components including minerals, vitamins, and lipids.

Anemia, Folic Acid Deficiency  

Folic acid deficiency anemia gluten celiac disease symptom

What Is Folic Acid Or Folate Deficiency Anemia? Folic acid deficiency anemia, also called folate deficiency anemia, is a macrocytic anemia characterized by defective DNA synthesis of red blood cells that results from a lack of folate in the body. ...

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Anemia, Refractory Iron Deficiency In Childhood (Unresponsive To Iron)

What Is Refractory Iron Deficiency Anemia In Childhood? Refractory iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a microcytic (small cell) type anemia. It is characterized by formation of abnormally small, pale red blood cells and iron depletion, or inadequate iron content in ...

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Anemia, Severe Iron Deficiency In Pregnancy 

What Is Severe Iron Deficiency Anemia In Pregnancy? Severe iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is characterized by abnormal formation of small, pale red blood cells that impair the ability of the fetus to obtain adequate oxygen for proper growth and ...

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Anemia, Iron Deficiency

What Is Iron Deficiency Anemia? Iron deficiency anemia is a blood cell disorder that is characterized by formation of small, pale red blood cells, causing tissue hypoxia. Hypoxia is the inability to meet the demands of the body for oxygen. ...

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Anti-Endomysium Antibodies (EMA) Present In Blood

What Are Anti-Endomysium Antibodies? Anti-endomysium antibodies (EmA) are connective tissue autoantibodies produced in persons who have inherited the genes for celiac disease, an autoimmune disease, and are reacting to gluten in their diet. Autoantibodies are abnormal in that they attack ...

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Anti-Gliadin Antibodies Present

What Are Anti-Gliadin Antibodies? Anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA) are produced by the body as an immune response against partially digested gliadin peptides (fragments) that have abnormally entered the body from the intestinal tract. Gliadin is a protein in wheat grain. Anti-gliadin antibodies circulating ...

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Anti-tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies (tTG) Present In Blood

What Are Anti-tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies? Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (anti-tTG) are connective tissue autoantibodies and can be detected in blood samples from affected persons who are reacting to gluten in the diet. Autoantibodies are abnormal because they attack the body’s own ...

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B Lymphocytes or B Cells

A small white blood cell that plays a major role in defending the body against disease. B lymphocytes or B cells make antibodies that attack bacteria and toxins.

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Bone Alkaline Phosphatase (BALP), Elevated

What Is Elevated Bone Alkaline Phosphatase? Elevated bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) is a laboratory result that indicates an abnormal blood level of this bone enzyme. A bone alkaline phosphatase blood level is one of the most frequently used biochemical markers of ...

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Bruising, Easy (Ecchymosis)

What Is Easy Bruising? Ecchymosis, or easy bruising, is a feature of impaired secondary hemostasis (blood clotting) characterized by subcutaneous bleeding (under the skin) in response to light trauma. Q: What causes easy bruising? A: Easy bruising is the direct ...

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Cancer Predisposition In Children 

What Is Cancer Predisposition In Children? Cancer predisposition in children signifies a higher than normal risk of developing cancer. Cancer is the uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in the body. Among the 12 major types of childhood cancers, leukemias (blood ...

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Cholesterol, Low 

What Is Low Cholesterol? Low cholesterol found in blood indicates an abnormal blood level of this essential lipid (fat) that is characterized by decreased production of steroid hormones and bile. Cholesterol is a soft, fat-like substance found in the bloodstream ...

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Coagulation Factors, Low

What Are Low Coagulation Factors? Coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X found in blood are essential for normal blood clotting.  Low coagulation factors on blood assay indicate an altered secondary coagulation disorder that is characterized by impaired clot formation. Each coagulation factor ...

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Erythroblastopenia, Transient

What Is Transient Erythroblastopenia? Transient erythroblastopenia is a rare disorder of red blood cell formation characterized by brief, reversible disappearance of erythroblasts (red blood cell precursors) in the bone marrow of children. Q: What do the red blood cells look ...

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FoxP3+ T cells: definition

FoxP3+ T cells represent a major subset of regulatory T cells. They can be produced as natural or induced cells. FoxP3+ T cells are made in the thymus gland as natural FoxP3+ T cells and periphery as induced FoxP3+ T ...

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